Mining Operations: In 2005, a total of 2,063 coal mining operations reported employment to the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA). Coal mines comprised 14.1% of all mining operations. Bituminous mines comprised 92.6% (n=1,911) and anthracite mines 7.4% (n=152) of coal mining operations. Approximately 70% of all coal mines were located in three states: Kentucky (28.0%), West Virginia (21.8%), and Pennsylvania (20.6%). Employees: A total of 78,281 employees, corresponding to 87,184 full-time equivalent (FTE) employees, were reported by coal mine operators to MSHA. Within the mining sectors, coal operators comprised 30.2% of all employee hours reported. Underground work locations accounted for 46.4% of coal employee hours, while surface work locations accounted for 53.6%. Fatalities: Seventeen (17) occupational fatalities occurred among coal operator employees in 2005, compared to 23 in 2004. Fatalities among coal operator employees accounted for 29.8% of all mining fatalities. The coal operator fatality rate was 19.5 fatalities per 100,000 FTE employees. The underground fatality rate was 34.6 (n=14) compared to a rate of 6.4 (n=3) for surface work locations. Nonfatal Lost-time Injuries: There were 3,062 nonfatal lost-time injuries (2,234 at underground and 828 at surface work locations) among coal operator employees occurring at a rate of 3.5 injuries per 100 FTE employees. These injuries resulted in 197,867 days lost from work, comprising nearly 43.0% of days lost across all mining sectors. The underground nonfatal lost-time injury rate was greater than the surface injury rate (5.5 vs. 1.8 per 100 FTE workers). The most frequent classification of nonfatal lost-time injuries for coal operator employees involved handling materials (n=886; 28.9%). Sprains and strains were the most frequently reported nature of injury (n=1,323; 43.2%). The back was the most frequently reported part of the body injured (n=602; 19.7%) and accounted for 39,918 days lost from work.
Coal-mining; Coal-miners; Mining-industry; Miners; Mine-workers; Employees; Underground-mining; Underground-miners; Injuries; Materials-handling; Back-injuries; Black-lung; Pneumoconiosis; Statistical-analysis; Lost-work-days; Surface-mining; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236