Organizational factors and office workers' health after the World Trade Center terrorist attacks: long-term physical symptoms, psychological distress, and work productivity.
Osinubi-OY; Gandhi-SK; Ohman-Strickland-P; Boglarsky-C; Fiedler-N; Kipen-H; Robson-M
J Occup Environ Med 2008 Feb; 50(2):112-125
OBJECTIVE: To assess if organizational factors are predictors of workers' health and productivity after the World Trade Center attacks. METHODS: We conducted a survey of 750 workers and compared those who had direct exposures to the World Trade Center attacks (south of Canal Street workers; primary victims) with those less directly exposed (north of Canal Street workers; other victims and non-victims). RESULTS: South of Canal Street workers reported headache more frequently than north of Canal Street workers did (P = 0.0202). Primary victims reported headache and cough more frequently than did other victims and non-victims (P = 0.0086 and 0.0043, respectively). Defensive organizational culture was an independent predictor of cough and job stress, and job stress was an independent predictor of on-the-job productivity losses. CONCLUSION: Organizational variables may modify health and productivity outcomes after a large-scale traumatic event in the workplace.
Disaster-planning; Disaster-prevention; Job-stress; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Psychological-testing; Workplace-monitoring; Work-performance; Sociological-factors; Statistical-analysis; Job-stress
Omowunmi Y. O. Osinubi, MD, MSc, FRCA, Assistant Professor of Environmental & Occupational Health, UMDNJ-SPH, Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI), Room 202, 170 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey