Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (ELS). Chichester, England, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2008 Sep; :1-5
Immunotoxicology can be defined as the study of adverse effects on theimmune system resulting from exposure to physical factors (e.g. ionizing an ultraviolet radiation), chemicals (including drugs), biological materials, medical devices and, in certain instances, physiological factors, collectively referred to as agents. It encompasses studies of various immune pathologies associated with exposure of humans and wildlife species, including allergy, immune dysregulation (suppression or enhancement), autoimmunity and chronic inflammation.