Shift-work and suicide ideation among police officers.
Violanti-JM; Charles-LE; Hartley-TA; Mnatsakanova-A; Andrew-ME; Fekedulegn-D; Vila-B; Burchfiel-CM
Am J Ind Med 2008 Oct; 51(10):758-768
Background: This cross-sectional study assessed the association of shift work with suicide ideation among police officers. Methods: Shift work was based on daily payroll records over 5 years (41 women, 70 men). Standardized psychological measures were employed. ANOVA and Poisson regression were used to evaluate associations. Results: Among policewomen with increased depressive symptoms, prevalence of suicide ideation increased by 116% for every 10-unit increase in percentage of hours worked on day shift (prevalence ratio (PR) = 2.16; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.22-3.71). Among policemen with higher (but not lower) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, prevalence of suicide ideation increased by 13% with every 10-unit increase in the percentage of hours worked on afternoon shift (PR = 1.13; 95% CI = 1.00-1.22). Conclusion: Prevalence of suicide ideation significantly increased among policewomen with higher depressive symptoms and increasing day shift hours, and among policemen with higher PTSD symptoms with increasing afternoon shift hours.
Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Occupational-health; Work-environment; Workplace-studies; Statistical-analysis; Sleep-deprivation; Sleep-disorders; Stress; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-stress; Sex-factors; Deprivation; Shift-work; Shift-workers; Occupational-psychology; Mental-disorders; Mental-health; Mental-stress; Circadian-rhythms; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Occupational-exposure; Epidemiology; Police-officers; Emergency-responders
John M.Violanti, Department of Social & PreventiveMedicine, School of Public Health & Health Professions, 270 Farber Hall, State University of NY at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214
Grant; Purchase Order
Services; Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research; Services: Public Safety
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of New York at Buffalo