Respirator use and practices in agricultural crop production establishments.
Greskevitch-M; Doney-B; Groce-D; Syamlal-G; Bang-KM
J Agromed 2008 Jan; 12(3):25-32
The risk of developing respiratory diseases can be reduced by either wearing respiratory protection under the guidance of an effective respiratory protection program or using controls. In 2001, the Survey of Respirator Use and Practices gathered information on the types of respirators used, respirator use practices, and the respirator program characteristics from 40,002 randomly selected US establishments. This report presents findings of the Survey of Respirator Use and Practices for the Agricultural Production-Crops industry and compares them with National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommendations. Approximately one third of all Agricultural Production--Crops establishments The risk of developing respiratory diseases can be reduced by either wearing respiratory protection under the required respirator use. Of the Agricultural Production--Crops establishments that required respirator use, (1) a written program to determine what type of respirator to use was not adopted by management in 73% of the establishments; (2) 21 % did not know whether air sampling was conducted for substances for which employees were required to use respirators; (3) 29.5% did not provide respirator training for employees; (4) employees were not assessed for medical fitness to wear a respirator or it was not known whether the employees were assessed, in 49.4%; and (5) the program administrator had received no respirator training in 29.5%. Of the Agricultural Production--Crops establishments that required respirator use, 69.5% had at least 3 indicators of a potentially inadequate respiratory protection program. The high rates of indicators of potential inadequacies suggest widespread problems with respiratory protection programs in the Agricultural Production--Crops industry, indicating a potential for improvement.
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Occupational-exposure; Farmers; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Respiratory-hypersensitivity; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-equipment; Respiratory-protection; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Statistical-analysis; Personal-protective-equipment; Protective-equipment; Surveillance
Mark Greskevitch, CDC, NIOSH, DRDS, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, MS HG900.2, WV 26505
Journal of Agromedicine