Occupational segregation as a determinant of US worker health.
Chung-Bridges-K; Muntaner-C; Fleming-LE; Lee-DJ; Arheart-KL; LeBlanc-WG; Christ-SL; McCollister-KE; Caban-AJ; Davila-EP
Am J Ind Med 2008 Aug; 51(8):555-567
BACKGROUND: Racial segregation provides a potential mechanism to link occupations with adverse health outcomes. METHODS: An African-American segregation index (I(AA)) was calculated for US worker groups from the nationally representative pooled 1986-1994 National Health Interview Survey (n = 451,897). Ranking and logistic regression analyses were utilized to document associations between I(AA) and poor worker health. RESULTS: There were consistent positive associations between employment in segregated occupations and poor worker health, regardless of covariate adjustment or stratification (e.g., age, gender, income, education, or geographic region). This association between segregation and poor health was stronger for White as compared to African-American workers. CONCLUSIONS: Occupational segregation negatively affects all workers. Potential mechanisms need to be identified through which occupational segregation may adversely impact worker health.
Occupational-health; Occupational-health-programs; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Work-environment; Work-performance; Work-practices; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Age-factors; Education; Statistical-analysis
Lora E. Fleming, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, 1120 N.W. 14 Street, Room 1049, Miami, FL 33136
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Miami - Rosentiel School