Effectiveness of school-based hearing loss prevention programs in a rural area.
Spectrum 2006 Oct; 23(Suppl 2):27
This presentation will describe the results of an evaluation of four hearing loss prevention programs, two for grade 4 and two for grade 7. Within each grade level, one basic and one comprehensive program were developed. The basic program included hearing evaluations, a brief individual consultation, and easy access to a supply of hearing protectors (grade 7 only). The comprehensive program added classroom presentations, take-home activities/materials, and booster interventions. Participants in basic and comprehensive programs (N = 309) were compared with responses with a reference group of approximately 600 students from other school districts in which no program was administered. Outcomes, measured 9 to 12 months after the start of the intervention, included changes in hearing status, self-reported exposure frequency, knowledge, health beliefs, and intentions regarding hearing loss prevention. No significant differences in hearing sensitivity were observed across the basic and comprehensive treatment groups. At both grade levels, both treatment groups showed better outcomes (re: health beliefs and intentions) than the reference group. The comprehensive treatment showed better belief and intention outcomes than the basic treatment group in grade 7 only. We concluded that basic hearing loss prevention programs provide superior outcomes to no systematic hearing loss prevention education, and that benefits from comprehensive hearing loss prevention education were observable within the 7th grade group 9 to 12 months following the start of the intervention.
Hearing; Hearing-loss; Hearing-conservation; Children; Agricultural-industry; Agriculture; Age-groups; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-sources; Education; Ear-protection; Protective-measures; Preventive-medicine; Noise-exposure; Hearing-impairment; Hearing-disorders; Auditory-system; Hearing-protection; Age-factors
Western Michigan University, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, Kalamazoo, MI 49008
Disease and Injury: Hearing Loss
Spectrum: the National Hearing Conservation Association newsletter
Western Michigan University