NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Method to produce American Thoracic Society flow-time waveforms using a mechanical pump.
Hankinson JL; Reynolds JS; Das MK; Viola JO
Eur Respir J 1997 Mar; 10(3):690-694
The American Thoracic Society (ATS) recently adopted a new set of 26 standard flow-time waveforms for use in testing both diagnostic and monitoring devices. Some of these waveforms have a higher frequency content than present in the ATS-24 standard volume-time waveforms, which, when produced by a mechanical pump, may result in a pump flow output that is less than the desired flow due to gas compression losses within the pump. To investigate the effects of gas compression, a mechanical pump was used to generate the necessary flows to test mini-Wright and Assess peak expiratory flow (PEF) meters. Flow output from the pump was measured by two different independent methods, a pneumotachometer and a method based on piston displacement and pressure measured within the pump. Measuring output flow based on piston displacement and pressure has been validated using a pneumotachometer and mini-Wright PEF meter, and found to accurately measure pump output. This method introduces less resistance (lower back-pressure) and dead space volume than using a pneumotachometer in series with the meter under test. Pump output flow was found to be lower than the desired flow both with the mini-Wright and Assess meters (for waveform No. 26, PEFs 7.1 and 10.9% lower, respectively). To compensate for losses due to gas compression, we have developed a method of deriving new input waveforms, which, when used to drive a commercially available mechanical pump, accurately and reliably produces the 26 ATS flow-time waveforms, even those with the fastest rise-times.
Spirometry; Pumps; Heart; Cardiopulmonary-function; Cardiovascular-function; Cardiovascular-system; Diagnostic-tests
J.L. Hankinson, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505
Issue of Publication
European Respiratory Journal
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division