Characterization of fatal occupational versus nonoccupational motor vehicle collisions in Kentucky (1998-2000).
Traffic Inj Prev 2003 Sep; 4(3):270-275
Motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) are the leading cause of occupational fatalities in Kentucky as well as in the nation. The characteristics of and contributing factors for occupational versus nonoccupational MVC fatalities in the Commonwealth of Kentucky were examined from 1998 to 2000. Semi trucks were most frequently involved in fatal occupational MVCs, and passenger cars were most frequently involved in nonoccupational MVCs. More than half of the decedent drivers resided outside of Kentucky. The percentage of occupational fatalities occurring on a four-lane highway was double the percentage observed for nonoccupational MVC fatalities. In addition, an increased proportion of occupational MVC deaths occurred on limited access highways compared to nonoccupational fatalities. When human factors contributing to these fatal incidents were examined, the two primary human factors involved in occupational motor vehicle fatalities were driver distraction/inattention and falling asleep, whereas unsafe speed and alcohol were the primary human factors contributing to a nonoccupational fatality. These results suggest that semi drivers traveling on four-lane highways are more at risk for a fatal occupational injury in Kentucky. Therefore, additional epidemiological studies are needed to further examine human factors, the nature of the Kentucky highway system, and trucking controls (e.g., weigh station hours of operation) within the Kentucky transportation industry.
Risk-analysis; Work-analysis; Work-operations; Truck-drivers; Drivers; Occupational-accidents; Substance-abuse; Alcoholic-beverages; Epidemiology; Transportation-workers; Traumatic-injuries
Dr. Terry L. Bunn, Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program, Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Kentucky, Kentucky School of Public Health, 333 Waller Avenue, Suite 202, Lexington, KY 40504
Traffic Injury Prevention
Kentucky Department of Health Services