Empirical methods for coal pillar design.
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Coal Pillar Mechanics and Design, Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, (NIOSH) 99-114, IC-9448, 1999 Jun; :145-154
Empirical methods involve the scientific interpretation of real-world experience. Many problems in ground control lend themselves to an empirical approach because the mines provide us with plenty of experience with full-scale rock structures. During the past 10 years, powerful design techniques have emerged from statistical analyses of large databases of real-world pillar successes and failures. These include the Analysis of Retreat Mining Pillar Stability (ARMPS), the Analysis of Longwall Pillar Stability (ALPS), the Mark-Bieniawski rectangular pillar strength formula, and guidelines for preventing massive pillar collapses. In the process, our practical understanding of pillar behavior has been greatly enriched.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Geology; Rock-mechanics; Models; Computer-models; Statistical-analysis; Risk-analysis; Room-and-pillar-mining
Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Coal Pillar Mechanics and Design