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Musculoskeletal disorders and the workplace: low back and upper extremities.
National Research Council; Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace; Institute of Medicine
Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2001 May; :1-492
Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps. This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Epidemiology; Arm-injuries; Back-injuries; Hand-injuries
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
Musculoskeletal disorders and the workplace: low back and upper extremities
University of California - San Francisco
Page last reviewed: June 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division