Cross-shift airway responses and long-term decline in FEV1 in cotton textile workers.
Wang X; Zhang HX; Sun BX; Dai HL; Hang JQ; Eisen E; Su L; Christiani DC
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2008 Feb; 177(3):316-320
Rationale: Acute airway response, measured as cross-shift change in FEV1, to cotton dust may lead to subsequent chronic loss of lung function in exposed workers. Objectives: To explore the association between the magnitude and frequency of cross-shift change and chronic loss of FEV1. Methods: Four hundred eight cotton workers and 417 silk workers from Shanghai textile mills were observed prospectively for 20 years, with cross-shift measurements at baseline and follow-up surveys at approximate 5-year intervals. To account for repeated measures of 5-year change, generalized estimating equations were used to estimate the relationship between the magnitude of cross-shift change in FEV1 (DFEV1) and subsequent 5-year annualized change. Linear regression models were used to examine the association between the number of drops in cross-shift FEV1 (DFEV1 , 0) and annualized change over the entire study period. Measurements and Main Results: Exposure to cotton dust was associated with a 10 ml/year decrement in 5-year annualized FEV1 decline. In addition, every 10 ml in DFEV1 drop was associated with an additional 1.5 ml/year loss in annualized FEV1 decline. The association between the frequency of drops and annualized decline was stronger for cotton workers than for silk workers over the entire study period. Conclusions: Cotton workers had larger and more frequent drops, as well as excessive chronic declines in FEV1, than did silk workers. The magnitude and frequency of cross-shift drops were associated with chronic loss in FEV1 over the entire 20-year period examined.
Respiratory-system-disorders; Cotton-dust; Long-term-study; Lung-function; Lung-irritants; Lung-disease; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Textile-workers; Textiles; Textiles-industry; Textile-mills; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Airway-obstruction; Exposure-assessment
David Christiani, M.D., M.P.H., Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Building I-1407, Boston, MA 02115
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine