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Variance of microsomal protein and cytochrome P450 2E1 and 3A forms in adult human liver.
Lipscomb JC; Teuschler LK; Swartout JC; Striley CAF; Snawder JE
Toxicol Mech Methods 2003 Jan; 13(1):45-51
Differences in the pharmacokinetics of xenobiotics among humans makes them differentially susceptible to risk. Differences in enzyme content can mediate pharmacokinetic differences. Microsomal protein is often isolated from liver to characterize enzyme content and activity, but no measures exist to extrapolate these data to the intact liver. Measures were developed from up to 60 samples of adult human liver to characterize the content of microsomal protein and cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. Statistical evaluations are necessary to estimate values far from the mean value. Adult human liver contains 52.9 +/-1.476 mg microsomal protein per g; 2587 +/-1.84 pmoles CYP2E1 per g; and 5237 +/-2.214 pmols CYP3A per g (geometric mean +/-geometric standard deviation). These values are useful for identifying and testing susceptibility as a function of enzyme content when used to extrapolate in vitro rates of chemical metabolism for input to physiologically based pharmacokinetic models which can then be exercised to quantify the effect of variance in enzyme expression on risk-relevant pharmacokinetic outcomes.
Liver-cells; Liver-function; Liver-microsomal-enzymes; Liver-microsomal-metabolism; Liver-microsomes; Humans; Physiological-chemistry; Physiological-effects; Physiological-factors; Physiological-function; Physiological-response; Physiological-testing; Pharmacodynamics; Author Keywords: Cytochrome P450; Extrapolation; Human Liver; Pharmacokinetics; Risk Assessment
Issue of Publication
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division