Violence, abuse, and neglect among people with traumatic brain injuries.
Reichard-AA; Langlois-JA; Sample-PL; Wald-MM; Pickelsimer-EE
J Head Trauma Rehabil 2007 Nov-Dec; 22(6):390-402
Background: Violence, abuse, and neglect (VAN) among people with physical and other disabilities has been reported; however, little is known about VAN experiences among people with traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Methods: Nine people who reported experiencing VAN post-TBI were interviewed for this phenomenological study. The data were analyzed to understand VAN as experienced by those with TBI. Results: Participants detailed many VAN experiences along with contributing factors, barriers in obtaining help, and recommendations for improving preventive and assistance services. Conclusions: Greater efforts are needed to identify and prevent VAN among people with TBI. Services following VAN must be improved.
Traumatic-injuries; Brain-damage; Brain-disorders; Brain-function; Cerebrovascular-system-disorders; Physiological-disorders; Physiological-function; Psychological-factors; Psychological-responses; Psychological-reactions; Surveillance
Audrey A. Reichard, NIOSH, Center for Disease Control & Prevention, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Rd, MS H1808, Morgantown, WV 26505
The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation