Multiplexed immunoassays for proteins using magnetic luminescent nanoparticles for internal calibration.
Nichkova M; Dosev D; Gee SJ; Hammock BD; Kennedy IM
Anal Biochem 2007 Oct; 369(1):34-40
Suspension arrays present a promising tool for multiplexed assays in large-scale screening applications. A simple and robust platform for quantitative multiprotein immunoanalysis has been developed with the use of magnetic Co:Nd:Fe(2)O(3)/luminescent Eu:Gd(2)O(3) core/shell nanoparticles (MLNPs) as a carrier. The magnetic properties of the MLNPs allow their manipulation by an external magnetic field in the separation and washing steps in the immunoassay. Their optical properties enable the internal calibration of the detection system. The multiplexed sandwich immunoassay involves dual binding events on the surface of the MLNPs functionalized with the capture antibodies. Secondary antibodies labeled with conventional organic dyes (Alexa Fluor) are used as reporters. The amount of the bound secondary antibody is directly proportional to the concentration of the analyte in the sample. In our approach, the fluorescence intensity of the reporter dye is related to the luminescence signal of the MLNPs. In this way, the intrinsic luminescence of the MLNPs serves as an internal standard in the quantitative immunoassay. The concept is demonstrated for a simultaneous immunoassay for three model proteins (human, rabbit, and mouse IgGs). The method uses a standard bench plate reader. It can be applied to disease diagnostics and to the detection of biological threats.
Chemical-binding; Chemical-analysis; Chemical-composition; Quantitative-analysis; Immunology; Particulate-dust; Particulates; Magnetic-properties; Antibody-response; Biological-agents; Biological-weapons; Laboratory-animals; Laboratory-testing; Disease-incidence; Nanotechnology
Mikaela Nichkova, Department of Entomology and the UC Davis Cancer Center, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616
Agriculture; Cooperative Agreement
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
University of California - Davis