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Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) status and risk of insecticide exposure.
Furlong-CR; Cole-TB; Walter-BJ; Shih-DM; Tward-A; Lusis-AJ; Timchalk-C; Richter-RJ; Costa-LG
J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2005 Apr; 19(3):182-183
Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an HDL associated enzyme that catalyzes a number of different reactions including the hydrolysis of the toxic oxon metabolites of the insecticides diazinon and chlorpyrifos. PON1 has also been implicated in the detoxication of oxidized lipids and the metabolism of a number of drugs, activating some, while inactivating others. There are two common PON1 coding region polymorphisms (L55M and Q192R). The latter determines the catalytic efficiency of hydrolysis of a number of substrates including chlorpyrifos oxon, but not diazoxon. Evidence for the physiological importance ofPON1 in modulating exposures to these two insecticides comes from several different studies. Early studies noted that species with high levels of PON1 were much more resistant to certain organophosphorus (OP) insecticides than were species with low levels. Another early study by Main demonstrated that injected rabbit paraoxonase protected rats from paraoxon toxicity. Our research group began the development of a mouse model system for examining the importance of PON1 in the detoxication of OP insecticides.
Organo-phosphorus-compounds; Organo-phosphorus-pesticides; Pesticides; In-vitro-studies; Models; Environmental-factors; Insecticide-poisoning; Quantitative-analysis; Laboratory-animals; Brain-function; Brain-electrical-activity; Cerebrovascular-system-disorders; Animals
Clement E. Furlong, Department of Medicine, Division of Medical Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle,WA 98195-7720
Issue of Publication
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Battelle Memorial Institute, Richland, Washington
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division