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Control of exposure to perchloroethylene in commercial drycleaning (substitution).
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1999 Jul; 14(7):433-435
Defnition of Hazard Perchloroethylene (PERC) is the most commonly used dry cleaning solvent. PERC can enter the body through respiratory and dermal exposure. Symptoms associated with exposure include depression of the central nervous system; damage to the liver and kidneys; impaired memory; confusion; dizziness; headac he; drowsiness; and eye, nose, and throat irritation. Repeated dermal exposure may result in dermatitis. NIOSH considers PERC a potential human carcinogen. To reduce exposure to dry cleaning solvents, a comprehensive control approach should be followed involving engineering measures, work practices, and personal protection. Engineering measures are the most effec tive means of control and should generally be considered first. If a substance is hazardous to health or to the environment, sound industrial hygiene practice dictates that a less hazardous material or process be considered as a substitute.
Dry-cleaning-industry; Dry-cleaning-solvents; Chemical-cleaning; Chemical-hypersensitivity; Carcinogens; Dermatitis; Skin-absorption; Central-nervous-system-disorders; Hepatotoxicity; Kidney-disorders; Mental-processes; Vision-disorders; Olfactory-disorders; Throat-disorders; Control-methods; Control-technology; Work-environment; Worker-health; Work-areas; Exposure-levels; Exposure-methods; Eye-irritants
Issue of Publication
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division