Psychophysical assessment of assistive devices for transferring patients/residents.
Zhuang-ZQ; Stobbe-TJ; Collins-JW; Hsiao-HW; Hobbs-GR
Appl Ergon 2000 Jan; 31(1):35-44
This article reports the psychophysical assessment of nine battery-powered lifts, a sliding board, a walking belt, and a baseline manual method for transferring nursing home patients/residents from a bed to a chair. A separate article reports the biomechanical evaluation of the same task and devices. The objectives of the psychophysical assessment were to investigate the effects of resident-transferring methods on the psychophysical stress to nursing assistants performing the transferring task, and to identify transfer methods that could reduce the psychophysical stress reported by nursing assistants. Nine nursing assistants served as test subjects. Two elderly persons participated as residents. The results indicated that the psychophysical stresses on nursing assistants were significantly lower when performing resident transfers with some of the assistive devices than when performing transfers with the baseline manual transfer method. The nursing assistants generally preferred the basket-sling lift and stand-up lift to other methods. The residents' comfort and security ratings indicated the comfort and security with most of the assistive devices were greater than or equal to the baseline manual method. Most of the comments of the nursing assistants and residents on the assistive devices were favourable.
Psychological-factors; Psychomotor-function; Psychophysiology; Biomechanics; Biomechanical-engineering; Nursing; Musculoskeletal-system;
Author Keywords: Patient-handling devices; Psychophysical assessment; Back injury
ZQ Zhuang, NIOSH, US DHHS, PHS, Center for Disease Control & Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Rd, Morgantown, WV 26505