Low back pain among residential carpenters: ergonomic evaluation using OWAS and 2D compression estimation.
Gilkey DP; Keefe TJ; Bigelow PL; Herron RE; Duvall K; Hautaluoma JE; Rosecrance JS; Sesek R
Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2007 Sep; 13(3):305-321
Occupational low back pain (LBP) remains a leading safety and health challenge. This cross-sectional investigation measured the prevalence of LBP in residential carpenters and investigated ergonomic risk factors. Ninety-four carpenters were investigated for LBP presence and associated risk factors. Ten representative job-tasks were evaluated using the Ovako Working Posture Analysis System (OWAS) and ErgoMaster 2D software to measure elements of posture, stress, and risk. Job-tasks were found to differ significantly for total lumbar compression and shear at peak loading (p < .001), ranging from 2 956 to 8 606 N and 802 to 1 974 N respectively. OWAS indicated that slight risk for injury was found in 10 job-tasks while distinct risk was found in 7 of the 10 job-tasks. Seven of the 10 job-tasks exceeded the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) action limit of 3 400 N for low back loading. The point prevalence for LBP was 14% while the annual prevalence was 38%.
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Biomechanics; Ergonomics; Workplace-studies; Musculoskeletal-system; Back-injuries; Human-factors-engineering; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Back-injuries; Stress; Work-operations; Work-practices; Work-analysis
Department of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, 104 Environmental Health Bldg., Fort Collins, CO 80525
Grant-Number-R03-OH-004199; Grant-Number-T01-OH-810435; Grant-Number-T42-OH-008414
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
Colorado State University, Environmental Health Department, Fort Collins, Colorado