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Repetitive exposures of stretch-shortening cycles affects muscle - performance differentially with age.

Cutlip RG; Baker BA; Mercer RR; Kashon ML; Alway SE
Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (PREMUS 2007), August 27-30, 2007 Boston, Massachusetts. Rome, Italy: International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), 2007 Aug; :361
Aims: Repetitive motion is a major risk factor associated with work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The age distribution of the workforce in the United States is predicted to shift to older workers (4). Indeed, the 55-64 year old demographic is now the fastest growing sector of the labor force in the United States. It is projected by this year that 20 percent of the labor force will be comprised of workers over the age of 55 (1). Aging is associated with an impaired adaptation to a single exposure of injurious muscle contractions (3). However, there are no studies to-date that have determined if muscles from old animals can positively adapt to repetitive exposures of resistive muscle contractions that promote adaptation and performance increases in muscles of young animals. The purpose of this research was to investigate if aging affects the ability of skeletal muscle to adapt to repetitive exposures of stretch-shortening cycles (SSCs) in young and old rats. Methods: Dorsiflexor muscles of old (30 months, N= 5) and young rats (12 weeks, N = 6) were exposed 3 times per week for 4.5-weeks to a protocol of 80 maximal SSCs per exposure (8 sets of 10 repetitions) in vivo. Skeletal muscle response was characterized by isometric and dynamic performance, as well as muscle wet weight and quantitative morphological analyses following the exposure period.(2) Results: The isometric and dynamics performance of the young and old groups was not statistically different at the start of the exposure. By the end of the exposure, however, a statistical difference was noted as performance increased significantly in the young animals and decreased significantly in the old animals. Muscle wet weight of the left tibialis anterior (T A) in the treated limb was significantly greater in the young compared to old animals (p < 0.001), while there was no difference in the contra-lateral TA. No degenerative myofibers or changes in non-cellular interstitium was noted in either age group, but a significant increase was observed in the volume of the cellular interstitium in the exposed limb of the old animals (p = 0.01), which is indicative of an inflammatory response.(2). Conclusions: A chronic exposure of repetitive SSCs results in significant performance increase and muscle hypertrophy in young animals, and a significant performance decrease and an increased cellular interstitial response in old animals, but no evidence of myofiber necrosis. These findings suggest that age may impair the ability of skeletal muscle to adapt to repetitive mechanical loading, even in the absence of myofiber degeneration.
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Cumulative-trauma; Repetitive-work; Age-factors; Age-groups; Laboratory-animals; Animal-studies; Animals
Publication Date
Document Type
Fiscal Year
NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
Source Name
Sixth International Scientific Conference on Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (PREMUS 2007), August 27-30, 2007 Boston, Massachusetts
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division