Occupational accidents and injuries in Thailand.
Thepaksorn-P; Daniell-WE; Padungtod-C; Kiefer-MC
Int J Occup Environ Health 2007 Jul; 13(3):290-294
The Workers' Compensation Fund (WCF) represents only a limited fraction of work-related injuries in the Thai workforce. This cross-sectional study examined 258,986 records from the Thai National Injury Surveillance (NIS) system collected during 2001-2004, focusing on 17,538 injuries coded as work-related. NIS records provided information generally not represented in WCF statistics, such as construction and agriculture. The reported mechanisms in 129 work-related fatalities were particularly informative, including electrical current (27%), transport accidents (20%), and falls (15%). Mortality in transport accidents was dramatically higher when seat belts or motorcycle helmets were not used, whether work-related or not. The findings emphasize the need to use multiple sources of information for a complete picture of work-related injuries in Thailand, and possibly in other countries. The mechanisms of fatal injury indicate areas where focused efforts are warranted.
Occupational-hazards; Statistical-analysis; Analytical-methods; Analytical-processes; Work-environment; Work-analysis; Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Electrical-hazards; Electrical-industry; Electrical-workers; Drivers; Transportation-workers; Transportation-industry; Safety-belts; Work-areas; Work-environment; Work-performance; Worker-health; Surveillance-programs
Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
University of Washington