NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Uni-variate risk factors for firefighter line-of-duty injuries.

Fabio-A; Ta-M; Schmidt-E; Strotmeyer-S
Am J Epi 2000 Jun; 151(11)(Suppl):S84
Background - The National Fire Protection Association estimated that in 1997, 87,500 United States firefighters (8.1 per 100 firefighters) were injured in the line-of-duty. The relative scarcity of epidemiologic research in this area demonstrates the need for further investigation of the factors associated with risk of injury. Objective - The purpose of this analysis was to identify uni-variate risk factors that merit further exploration. Methods - As part of NlOSH's Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program, an analysis of the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) - which includes fire incident data on approximately 44% of all U.S. fires, and contains information on the nature of the fire and the extent and method of response - was conducted. Various potential risk factors were analyzed to quantify injury risk. Results - From 1993 to 1997, a total of 4,156,545 fire incidents were reported to NFIRS, of which over 37,000 involved at least one firefighter injury. Significant risk factors were: (a) civilian injury or death (at least one versus none - odds ratio (OR)=10.1, 95% CI = 9.8-10.5), (b) time of day (night versus day - OR = 1.49, 95% CI = 1.46-1.52), (c) level of fire origin (ground versus 10 - 49 feet above ground - OR = 3.4, 95% CI = 3.3-3.5; ground versus below ground - OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 2.9-3.2), and (d) estimated dollar loss (median $100 vs. $17,500, p < 0.001). Conclusion - As epidemiologic studies examining risk factors for line-of-duty injuries to firefighters are a rarity, this analysis provides key information to guide future research, such as the relationship between firefighter and civilian injury, time of day or level of fire origin.
Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Fire-fighters; Fire-fighting-equipment; Fire-protection; Fire-protection-equipment
Publication Date
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
Fiscal Year
Issue of Publication
NIOSH Division
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology, Abstracts of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Society for Epidemiologic Research, Seattle, Washington, June 15-17, 2000
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division