The health behaviors of the older US worker.
Fleming-LE; Lee-DJ; Martinez-AJ; LeBlanc-WG; McCollister-KE; Bridges-KC; Christ-SL; Arheart-KL; Pitman-T
Am J Ind Med 2007 Jun; 50(6):427-437
BACKGROUND: As the US workforce ages, lifestyle factors will increasingly affect their health, yet little information is available on their prevalence in older working populations. METHODS: Using the nationally representative 1997-2003 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), reported current smoking, risky drinking and leisure-time physical activity behaviors of older workers (> or = 65 years) were compared with older non-workers. These behaviors were evaluated by age, gender, race, ethnicity, and occupation, as well as prototype "healthy" and "risky" persons. RESULTS: The study population of 4,946 older US workers and 38,313 older non-workers represented an estimated 3.9 million older workers and 28.9 million older non-workers annually. Relative to older non-workers, older workers reported more current smoking and risky drinking, but higher levels of leisure-time physical activity with variations by subpopulations. CONCLUSIONS: Less than 4% of the older US worker population reported overall healthy behaviors. Certain occupations and other subpopulations can be targeted for age-appropriate behavioral interventions.
Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Sex-factors; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Smoking; Age-factors; Alcoholic-beverages; Physical-fitness; Physical-exercise
Lora E. Fleming, 1801 NW 9th Ave Suite 200, Miami, FL 33136
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida