Mechanism of vascular endothelial growth factor expression mediated by cisplatin in human ovarian cancer cells.
Zhong-XS; Liu-LZ; Skinner-HD; Cao-ZX; Ding-M; Jiang-BH
Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2007 Jun; 358(1):92-98
Cisplatin (CDDP) and its analogues are widely used for the treatment of a variety of human solid tumors. However, the molecular mechanism of its action remains to be understood. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent inducer of angiogenesis and is upregulated in many human cancers. In this study we demonstrated that CDDP-inhibited VEGF expression in human ovarian cancer cells. We found that CDDP inhibited the VEGF reporter activity in a dose-dependent manner, indicating that CDDP-inhibited transcriptional activation of VEGF. We also found that: (1) luciferase activity mediated by the VEGF reporter containing a mutation of the HIF-1 binding site was much lower than that of the reporter containing a wild-type HIF-1 binding site in ovarian cancer cells, thus confirming that HIF-1 is a major transcriptional regulator of VEGF expression; and that (2) CDDP greatly inhibited VEGF reporter activity containing the wild-type but not the mutant HIF-1 binding site. This result indicates that CDDP-inhibited VEGF transcriptional activation specifically by decreasing HIF-1 activity. Co-transfection of a dominant negative construct of HIF-1 inhibited VEGF reporter activity in ovarian cancer cells. CDDP-inhibited VEGF transcriptional activation specifically through the expression of HIF-1 alpha, but not HIF-1 beta. We demonstrated that VEGF receptor KDR was expressed in ovarian cancer cells, and that CDDP-inhibited VEGF expression was linked with cellular apoptosis, which was rescued by VEGF treatment. These results suggest a novel mechanism of CDDP's anti-tumor activity in ovarian cancer cells via HIF-1 expression and VEGF transcriptional activation.
Cancer; Humans; Women; Reproductive-system-disorders; Reproductive-effects; Cell-biology; Cell-metabolism; Cell-morphology; Cell-transformation; Cellular-reactions; Cellular-transport-mechanism; Cellular-uptake; Tumors; Tumor-inhibition
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications