Measuring dermal exposure to pesticide residues with attenuate total reflectance fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy.
Doran-EM; Yost-MG; Fenske-RA
Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2000 May; 64(5):666-672
Occupational pesticide exposures are of concern to workers, public health scientists, and clinical practitioners. Numerous studies have demonstrated that fieldworkers who have extensive or prolonged contact with contaminated foliage may accumulate significant concentrations of pesticides on their skin (Nigg 1980; Knaak et ai. 1989; Spencer et ai. 1995; Simcox et ai. 1999). As a result, the primary route of exposure for these workers is via the skin. Several methods have been developed to estimate dermal exposure (WHO, 1986; Fenske 1993; Geno et ai. 1996), but their ability to measure the actual concentration of residues on the skin has been questioned (Chester, 1993; Fenske et aI., 1999). A clear need exists for an effective methodology to rapidly identify and quantify pesticide residues on the skin in vivo.
Exposure-levels; Pesticides; Pesticide-residues; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Workers; Safety-helmets; Skin; Skin-protection; Skin-tests
Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Box 357234, Seattle, WA 98195-7234
Neurotoxic Disorders; Neurotoxic-effects
Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington