NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Site characterization of atomic weapons employers.
Anderson-JL; Smith-MH; Stewart-DN
Health Phys 2003 Jun; 84(Suppl):S213
Section 3621(4) of the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICP A) defines an Atomic Weapons Employer (AWE) as "an entity, other than the United States, that (A) processed or produced, for use by the United States, material that emitted radiation and was used in the production of an atomic weapon, excluding uranium mining and milling; and (B) is designated by the Secretary of Energy as an atomic weapons employer for purposes of the compensation program." An AWE facility is further defined in Section 3621(5) as "a facility, owned by an atomic weapons employer, that is or was used to process or produce, for use by the United States, material that emitted radiation and was used in the production of an atomic weapon, excluding uranium mining or milling." Work performed by AWEs included uranium recovery, uranium processing, research and development of processes and machinery, rolling and machining of uranium and thorium, and storage and disposal of uranium and thorium processing wastes. Most of these A WE facilities were involved in nuclear weapons-related work for only a limited time. For some sites, radioactive materials were not used as a routine part of the facility's operations. There is very little available information for many of these facilities and personnel monitoring data is oftentimes unavailable. Consequently, these facilities require extensive reconstruction of exposure conditions to estimate dose to an individual claimant. To expedite the EEOICP A claims process, a technical basis document is generated for each AWE facility describing the operating history of the site, the quantity and quality of available records, and an internal and external exposure matrix that is used to estimate dose. This presentation discusses the methods used in the development of the technical basis documents for two AWE facilities.
Nuclear-energy; Radiation-facilities; Nuclear-radiation; Uranium-compounds; Dose-response; Occupational-exposure; Employee-exposure; Radiation-exposure; Exposure-assessment; Work-environment; Work-operations
MJW Corporation, Inc., 338 Harris Hill Road, Ste. 208, Williamsville, NY 14221
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
MJW Corporation, Inc., Williamsville, New York
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division