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Internal dose reconstruction under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.
Brackett-EM; Allen-DK; Kenning-RW; King-VA; Olsen-BM
Health Phys 2003 Jun; 84(Suppl):S212
To provide for a fair and compassionate approach to the processing of claims, it is essential that dose reconstructions be performed as expeditiously as possible. This approach differs from traditional occupational internal dosimetry in that worst case assumptions may be applied to determine that the energy employee was not likely to have incurred a compensable level of radiation dose or, conversely, a reconstruction can be truncated at the point where it becomes evident that the claimant likely qualifies for compensation. In addition, the yearly dose, from the start of exposure until the date of cancer diagnosis, to the organ relevant to the specified cancer is required for determining the probability of compensation. The probability is based on radiation type, and in some cases, is further broken down by energy range, rather than radionuclide. These departures from traditional occupational internal dose assessment have created a need for the development of new approaches as well as new software to accomplish the goal. Claims where it is apparent that a large dose was delivered to the relevant organ can be expedited by performing a partial dose assessment. It was initially thought that claims appearing to be clearly noncompensable would be relatively quick and simple, but they have turned out to be the most challenging. Examples of several dose reconstructions are provided.
Dose-response; Dosimetry; Occupational-exposure; Cancer; Exposure-assessment; Employee-exposure; Nuclear-energy; Nuclear-radiation; Radiation-exposure; Radiation-injury; Radiation-measurement; Radiation-properties; Organs; Computer-models; Computer-software
MJW Corporation Inc., 338 Harris Hill Road, Williamsville, NY 14221
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
MJW Corporation Inc., Williamsville, New York
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division