Reproductive outcomes among cosmetologists in Maryland.
Gallicchio-L; Miller-S; Greene-T; Zacur-HA; Flaws-JA
Am J Epidemiol 2007 Jun; 165(11)(Suppl):S84
Cosmetologists constitute a major occupational group of female workers who sustain chemical exposures during their reproductive lifespan. Despite evidence that many of these chemical exposures adversely affect reproduction in animal models, little is known about reproductive function among cosmetologists. We report preliminary findings from a cross-sectional survey- based study comparing reproductive outcomes among cosmetologists (n = 183) to women of the same age (21 to 55 years) working in other occupations (n = 383). The results showed that the cosmetologists were not at increased risk for infertility, miscarriage, or stillbirth compared to women in other occupations. Further, among women with at least one live birth, cosmetologists were not at increased risk for having a child with an adverse health outcome (e.g. heart defects, learning disorders) compared to their counterparts. However, cosmetologists were significantly more likely to report premature ovarian failure (odds ratio (OR) 4.14; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.36, 12.65), hot flashes (OR 2.11; 95% CI 1.41, 3.16), and depression (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.02, 2.34) than women in other occupations after adjustment for age, race, marital status, and household income. These results suggest that while cosmetologists may not be at higher risk for pregnancy-related adverse outcomes, they may be at higher risk for depression and other reproductive health problems. Enrollment of participants into the study is currently ongoing and future analyses will be conducted to determine the role of specific chemical exposures in the development of adverse reproductive outcomes among cosmetologists.
Health-hazards; Women; Menstrual-disorders; Mathematical-models; Analytical-chemistry; Analytical-methods; Uterus; Reproduction; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workplace-studies; Statistical-analysis; Age-factors; Cosmetics-workers
American Journal of Epidemiology. Abstracts of the 40th Annual Meeting Society for Epidemiologic Research Boston, Massachusetts, June 19-22, 2007
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign