NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

A missing component in your emergency management plans: the critical incident stress factor.

Authors
Kowalski-KM
Source
TIEMEC '94. The International Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, April 18-21, 1994, Hollywood Beach, Florida. Sullivan JD, and Tufekci S, eds., Dallas, TX: The International Emergency Management and Engineering Society, 1994 Apr; :65-70
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20032163
Abstract
In emergency management, the effects of stress on the performance of emergency personnel, typically have been overlooked or regarded as too enigmatic to quantify. This paper discusses the concept of Critical Incident Stress in responders to emergencies. It presents the rationale for considering stress as a significant factor in the management of emergencies. It is proposed that Critical Incident Stress Debriefing in a disaster can improve the effectiveness of response teams on site, their turnaround time on site, and post-disaster time off the job. Critical Incident Stress intervention also can mitigate potential deleterious emotional effects associated with emergency work. This paper, prepared by a U.S. Bureau of Mines researcher, offers some general ideas on how this specific human factor may be incorporated into a plan for emergency management. The impact of stress on emergency workers is presented as a missing component in present emergency management plans.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Emergency-responders; Stress; Traumatic-injuries; Psychological-stress; Psychological-effects; Mine-disasters
Contact
NIOSH, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Publication Date
19940418
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Sullivan-JD; Tufekci-S
Fiscal Year
1994
ISBN No.
1565550269
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
TIEMEC '94. The International Emergency Management and Engineering Conference, April 18-21, 1994, Hollywood Beach, Florida
State
PA; FL
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division