Vela Acosta M, Lee B, eds., Marshfield WI: Marshfield Clinic, 2001 Nov; :1-23
Agriculture is the second most common employer of youth and is associated with numerous occupational hazards, but few preventive efforts to protect adolescent farmworkers have been implemented or evaluated. The largest group of adolescent farmworkers is youth who live away from their natural families and migrate, mostly from Mexico, to work in U.S. agriculture; many are undocumented immigrants with limited access to education or health care. A national advisory committee gathered information through interviews, focus groups, and teleconferences and made recommendations for preventing or reducing agricultural work hazards that affect the health and safety of adolescent farmworkers, 12-17 years old. The committee focused on characteristics of adolescent development, best work practices, and occupational health and safety, and developed 12 recommendations around 3 goals. The goals were to identify profiles of adolescent farmworkers in production agriculture across the United States; to identify occupational risks specific to adolescent farmworkers; and to plan, implement, and evaluate interventions to eliminate or minimize occupational health and safety risks of adolescent farmworkers. The committee also identified needs of adolescent farmworkers in the areas of child care, health, education and career development, housing, field sanitation, recreation, and transportation.