Protecting youth at work: health, safety and development of working children and adolescents in the United States. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 1998 Sep; :141-161
Agriculture remains one of the most hazardous occupations in the United States, and as many as one-third of the individuals who suffer farm-related injuries are children. Numerous studies have reported acute, traumatic injuries suffered by children who work with farm machinery, livestock, or tractors. Far fewer studies have reported on the chronic effects of farm work-such as those associ ated with extended work hours, adverse weather conditions, repetitive work methods, and exposures to bacteria, viruses, and pesticides and other compounds on young people. As with many types of employment, working on farms may yield positive outcomes for children. In some cases, they are eager to participate in farm work, knowing they may have the opportunity to acquire increasing work responsibility and, possibly, farm ownership in the future. Improved self-confidence, selfesteem, and work skills are attributes often detected in young people engaged in some aspects of farm work. At the same time, the lack of legal protections for many aspects of farm work by children and adolescents raises questions about the negative aspects of such work. Ideally, agriculture should provide safe, appropriate opportunities for young people to develop meaningful skills and attributes that increase their likelihood of succeeding in the adult labor market.
Agricultural-industry; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-machinery; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Hazards; Children; Farmers; Injuries; Machine-operators; Work-environment; Workers; Tractors; Work-analysis; Protective-equipment; Protective-measures