NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Smoke reversal interaction with diagonal airway - its elusive character.
Edwards JC; Friel GF; Yuan L; Franks RA
Trans Soc Min Metall Explor 2007 Jan; 320:149-156
The reversal of smoke products-of-combustion (POC) from a mine fire was determined in a mine section with the airway connectivity of an electrical Wheatstone bridge. Four diesel-fuel fire experiments with fire heat-release rates between 504 and 771 kW were conducted in the Safety Research Coal Mine (SRCM) located at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's (NIOSH) Pittsburgh Research Laboratory (PRL). Smoke reversal propagated upwind from the fire with significant leakage into the upwind diagonal airway and without causing a complete reversal of airflow in the diagonal airway. A control measure consisting of a brattice suspended half entry height from the entry roof was determined to abate the smoke rollback. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis of the smoke movement agreed with the measurements.
Mining-industry; Ventilation-systems; Ventilation; Smoke-control; Mine-fires
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Transactions of the Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division