Employer costs of alcohol-involved injuries.
Zaloshnja E; Miller TR; Hendrie D; Galvin D
Am J Ind Med 2007 Feb; 50(2):136-142
BACKGROUND: This study estimates the annual cost of alcohol-related injuries to employers in 1998-2000. METHODS: Incidence was estimated with occupational injury data, motor vehicle crash data and health care data for 1998-2000. Employer costs were estimated from federal estimates of injury costs by source of payment using data on the percentage of varied payment streams (e.g., health insurance, sick leave) paid by employers. RESULTS: The annual employer cost of alcohol-related injuries to employees and their dependents exceed US dollars 28.6 billion. Out of this, US dollars 13.2 billion comes from job-related, alcohol-involved injuries. The annual employer cost of motor vehicle crashes in which at least one driver was alcohol-impaired is over US dollars 9.2 billion. Out of this, only US dollars 3.4 billion comes from job-related alcohol involvement. CONCLUSION: Safety programs can reduce the fringe benefit bill without reducing the benefits offered to employees.
Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Accidents; Accident-rates; Accident-analysis; Occupational-accidents; Alcoholic-beverages; Substance-abuse; Safety-practices; Safety-programs
Eduard Zaloshnja, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, 11710 Beltsville Drive, Suite 125, Calverton, MD 20705
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland