Overcoming recruitment challenges in construction safety intervention research.
Kidd-P; Parshall-M; Wojcik-S; Struttmann-T
Am J Ind Med 2004 Mar; 45(3):297-304
Background Recruiting workers in small construction companies and securing their participation in voluntaty safety programs or safety research poses unique challenges. Worker turnover and worksite changes contribute to difficulties in locating and enrolling participants. Economic pressures and time demands potentially threaten ongoing participation. Methods Six simulation exercises designed to reduce back and fall injuries in small construction companies were developed based on data from focus groups of workers and company owners. Working with a workers' compensation insurer, we had access to owner operators of general, heavy, and special trade construction companies reporting less than $10,000 in payroll expenses. Recruitment methods included a participation incentive, mailed invitations followed by phone contacts, and follow-up reminders. Results Despite using recruitment methods recommended in the literature, participation rates were low over a 2-year intervention period. Because of these difficulties, factors affecting participation or nonparticipation became an additional research focus. Owners' perceptions of already having a good safety record and of the time demands of participation were the most commonly cited reasons for not participating.
Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Safety-research; Monitoring-systems; Employee-health; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Construction-industry; Workplace-studies; Work-practices;
Author Keywords: recruitment; construction safety; safety training; intervention research
American Journal of Industrial Medicine