Smoking rate trends in U.S. occupational groups: the 1987 to 2004 National Health Interview Survey.
Lee-DJ; Fleming-LE; Arheart-KL; LeBlanc-WG; Caban-AJ; Chung-Bridges-K; Christ-SL; McCollister-KE; Pitman-T
J Occup Environ Med 2007 Jan; 49(1):75-81
OBJECTIVE: It is unknown if the gap in smoking rates observed between United States blue- and white-collar workers over the past four decades has continued into the new millennium. METHODS: The National Health Interview Survey is a nationally representative survey of the US civilian population. Smoking and current occupational status were assessed over survey periods 1987 to 1994 and 1997 to 2004 (n= 298,042). RESULTS: There were significant annual reductions in smoking rates for all adult US workers in both survey periods. Several blue-collar groups had greater annual smoking rate reductions in the most recent survey period relative to the earlier survey period. However, the majority of blue-collar worker groups had pooled 1997 to 2004 smoking rates in excess of the 24.5% smoking prevalence noted for all workers. CONCLUSION: Development of effective smoking prevention strategies specifically targeting blue-collar groups is warranted.
Workers; Worker-health; Public-health; Health-hazards; Smoking; Smoke-control; Group-behavior; Surveillance-programs
David J. Lee, PhD, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Miami School of Medicine, P.O. Box 016069 (R-699), Miami, FL 33101
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida