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Spanish-speaking dairy workers in New York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont: results from a survey of farm owners.
Stack-SG; Jenkins-PL; Earle-Richardson-G; Ackerman-S; May-JJ
J Agromed 2006 Apr; 11(2):37-44
A New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health (NYCAMH) study surveyed 294 dairy farms in New York, Pennsylvania, and Vermont. The study utilized a quarterly telephone survey to assess the proportion of Spanish-speaking workers on these farms, and also to contrast the hazard level of work tasks and prevalence of lost work time between Spanish- and English-speaking workers. The total workforce followed in the study was comprised of 14.4 percent Spanish-speaking workers, with larger farms having a higher proportion than smaller farms (19.9% versus 4.6%, respectively). Of the 294 farms, 22.5 percent had at least one Spanish-speaking worker, which differed, greatly between larger and smaller farms (51.5% versus 7.3%). Spanish workers were significantly younger, worked significantly longer hours and had significantly fewer years of employment than their English-speaking counterparts. Work hour differences were more pronounced on the larger farms. Lost work time, due to on-farm injuries, did not differ between the Hispanic workers and the non-Hispanic workers. After correcting for both age and length of farm employment, Spanish-speaking workers were far less likely to perform managerial functions than their English-speaking counterparts (OR = . 22 p < .01).
Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Occupational-hazards; Agricultural-workers; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Farmers; Agricultural-machinery; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Age-factors; Questionnaires; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology
New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health, One Atwell Road, Cooperstown, NY 13326
Issue of Publication
Journal of Agromedicine
Mary Imogene Bassett Hospital, Cooperstown, New York
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division