The impact of occupational injury reduction on the U.S. economy.
Zaloshnja-E; Miller-TR; Waehrer-G
Am J Ind Med 2006 Sep; 49(9):719-727
BACKGROUND: Preventing occupational injuries reduces labor and fringe benefit costs to employers. The related savings filter through the economy, impacting its performance. This study is a first attempt to measure the impact of occupational injury reduction on national economic output, gross domestic product, national income, and employment by using an input-output model of the U.S. economy. METHODS: Occupational injury costs by industry for 1993 were used as a baseline for an input-output model, and the impact of the 38% injury rate reduction between 1993 and 2002 was measured. All computations are in year 2000 dollars. RESULTS: Declining occupational injury between 1993 and 2002 increased employment by an estimated 550,000 jobs. The increase in gross domestic product (GDP) was 25.5 billion US dollars or 9% of the average annual GDP increase from 1993 to 2002. CONCLUSIONS: These estimates represent the benefits of injury rate reduction but ignore associated prevention costs.
Injuries; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Traumatic-injuries; Accidents; Accident-rates; Accident-analysis; Occupational-accidents; Truck-drivers
Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation, Calverton, MD 20705, USA
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland