NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Applying the health promotion model to development of a worksite intervention.

Lusk SL; Kerr MJ; Ronis DL; Eakin BL
Am J Health Promot 1999 Mar; 13(4):219-227
INTRODUCTION: Consistent use of hearing protection devices (HPDs) decreases noise-induced hearing loss, however, many workers do not use them consistently. Past research has supported the need to use a conceptual framework to understand behaviors and guide intervention programs; however, few reports have specified a process to translate a conceptual model into an intervention. PURPOSE: The strongest predictors from the Health Promotion Model were used to design a training program to increase HPD use among construction workers. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Carpenters (n = 118), operating engineers (n = 109), and plumber/pipefitters (n = 129) in the Midwest were recruited to participate in the study. DESIGN: Written questionnaires including scales measuring the components of the Health Promotion Model were completed in classroom settings at worker trade group meetings. MEASURES: All items from scales predicting HPD use were reviewed to determine the basis for the content of a program to promote the use of HPDs. Three selection criteria were developed: (1) correlation with use of hearing protection (at least .20), (2) amenability to change, and (3) room for improvement (mean score not at ceiling). RESULTS: Linear regression and Pearson's correlation were used to assess the components of the model as predictors of HPD use. Five predictors had statistically significant regression coefficients: perceived noise exposure, self-efficacy, value of use, barriers to use, and modeling of use of hearing protection. Using items meeting the selection criteria, a 20-minute videotape with written handouts was developed as the core of an intervention. A clearly defined practice session was also incorporated in the training intervention. CONCLUSION: Determining salient factors for worker populations and specific protective equipment prior to designing an intervention is essential. These predictors provided the basis for a training program that addressed the specific needs of construction workers. Results of tests of the effectiveness of the program will be available in the near future.
Models; Hearing-protection; Noise; Noise-control; Noise-protection; Training; Protective-equipment; Construction-equipment; Construction-workers; Author Keywords: Health Promotion Model; Worksite Intervention; Predictor-Based Training; Hearing Protector Use; Predictors of Behavior
University of Michigan School of Nursing, 400 N. Ingalls, Room 3182, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0482
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
Funding Type
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Issue of Publication
Priority Area
Source Name
American Journal of Health Promotion
Performing Organization
University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Page last reviewed: September 22, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division