Health effects of noise interactions at work, leisure and home.
Distúrbios da Comunicação 2004 Apr; 18(1):119-125
In life we are exposed to numerous chemical, physical, and biological agents that, along with our individual characteristics and habits, affect our health and well being. Understanding the influence of factors that affect our health can impact not only individual, but society's decisions, and determine change to improve lives and preserve the environment. However, understanding the influence of this collection of factors is a difficult challenge. Noise is one environmental agent that impacts health and well-being. High noise levels can cause irreversible damage to hearing. Lower noise levels, can cause annoyance, sleep disturbance, and lead to cardiovascular, immunological, and psychological effects in children and adults. Combination of noise exposures and other agents can produce greater health effects than noise acting alone. For example, hearing losses from noise and chemicals can be more common and more severe than hearing losses from only one of these agents. The new European Community (EC) directive on noise (2003/10 EC noise) requires that the interaction between noise and ototoxic chemicals be taken into account in the risk assessment of exposed populations. Combination of noise and other pollutants is also being shown to cause further deterioration in non-auditory health effects. This presentation considers the effects of noise in conjunction with air pollution, chemicals, and vibration and examines research needs and approaches to improve protection of hearing of populations at risk.
Noise; Health-hazards; Hearing; Hearing-conservation; Ototoxicity; Air-contamination; Chemical-properties; Vibration-effects; Hearing-protection; Risk-factors; Solvents; Physical-chemistry
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Applied Research and Technology, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Work Environment and Workforce: Mixed Exposures; Disease and Injury: Hearing Loss
Distúrbios da Comunicação, Sao Paulo