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Silicosis and tuberculosis in Zambian miners.
Mulenga EM; Miller HB; Sinkala T; Hysong TA; Burgess JL
Int J Occup Environ Health 2005 Jul-Sep; 11(3):259-262
Silicosis and tuberculosis (TB) are significant mining-related illnesses in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to examine annual cases of these diseases in Zambian miners, including comparison of periods before (1960-1970) and after (1992-2002) the arrival of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The Occupational Health and Safety Research Bureau of Zambia reported 2114 cases from 1945 to 2002. Of these, 22.7% were silicosis, 65.4% TB, and the remaining 11.9% silicotuberculosis. While silicosis cases decreased from 28.6% to 12.4% with the arrival of HIV/AIDS, there was a large increase in tuberculosis cases (37.1% to 86.1%), with a corresponding decrease in silicotuberculosis cases (34.3% to 1.6%). Although silicosis remains an occupational health issue in Zambian miners, the most significant problem appears to be the marked increase in cases of TB.
Occupational-health; Environmental-health; Silica-dusts; Silicate-miners; Silicates; Silicosis; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Mining-industry; Miners; HIV; AIDS; AIDS-virus; Infectious-diseases
Division of Environmental and Community Health, University of Arizona, 1435 North Fremont, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
Issue of Publication
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division