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Research on accident prevention by reinforcement of safe behavior.
Proceedings of the 7th Annual Institute on Coal Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, August 31 - September 2, 1976. Foreman WE ed. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1976 Aug-Sep; :123-142
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), U. S. Department of Labor, lists the shipbuilding industry as a high accident occupational area. In one publication (Occupational Hazards, April 1975) the industry is described by an OSHA official as "a target for future compliance drives." Along with other industries, shipbuilders are increasingly being faced with Federal and State compliance investigations and have found wanting in hazard reduction and safety device wearing enforcement (Staff, 1975). With courts being more lenient in the number and size of monetary awards, employers are heavily relying on the enforcement of safety rules and regulations and disciplinary techniques to increase safe work behaviors. The hope, of course, is that the offending behavior will gradually be extinguished and replaced by more appropriate behaviors. The results from these attempts have been mixed: although accidents may be temporarily reduced, the injury rates still remain at an unacceptably high frequency (Sheridan, 1975). It would appear that if an increase in safe behaviors is to be obtained and sustained, the discipline model will not suffice.
Coal-mining; Coal-miners; Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Underground-miners; Miners; Occupational-health; Safety-research; Occupational-safety-programs; Environmental-health; Surface-mining; Accident-prevention; Occupational-hazards; Health-hazards; Occupational-health-programs; Occupational-accidents; Safety-measures; Safety-practices
Proceedings of the 7th Annual Institute on Coal Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, August 31 - September 2, 1976
VA; DC; CA