Slips, trips and falls in US hospital workers-detailed investigation.
Courtney-TK; Lombardi-DA; Sorock-GS; Wellman-HM; Verma-S; Brennan-MJ; Collins-J; Bell-JL; Chang-WR; Gronqvist-RA; Wolf-L; DeMaster-E; Matz-M
Proceedings of the 16th World Congress on Ergonomics (IEA2006), Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 10-14, 2006. Pikaar RN, Koningsveld EAP, Settels PJM, eds., Madison, WI: International Ergonomics Association, 2006 Jul; :1-4
In 2003 the health services sector was the largest employer in the USA, and slips, trips and falls (STF) accounted for the largest proportion of lost time injuries (20%). A follow-back study of hospital workers who STF was conducted to better describe STF circumstances and inform ergonomic interventions. One hundred twenty-three health care workers, who reported a STF to the occupational health department in seven US hospitals, were recruited and interviewed using a structured telephone questionnaire. Participants were predominantly female (86%) with a mean age (range) of 46 (19-67). One hundred and eight workers (88%) fell: 53% after slipping, 32% after tripping. Liquid contaminants (e.g., water, cleaning solutions) were involved in 36% of the events. Sixty-four percent of the STF occurred at a transitional area: dry/wet (32%), one type of floor to another (20%), or uneven surfaces (15%). Forty-one percent of workers fell forward, 23% fell to the side, and 21 % fell backward. While the hands, knees, and buttocks were most often the points of impact, the back, knees, ankles/feet were most frequently injured. For workers who were injured (93%), strains and sprains (29%), contusions (27%), and non-specific pain and soreness (24%) were typical. Other injuries included abrasions, fractures, edema and lacerations.
Injury-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Nurses; Ergonomics; Surveillance; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis; Women; Questionnaires
Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety, Hopkinton, MA 01748 USA
Pikaar-RN; Koningsveld-EAP; Settels-PJM
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Proceedings of the 16th World Congress on Ergonomics (IEA2006), Maastricht, The Netherlands, July 10-14, 2006