Evaluation of a safety program for the residential construction industry.
Masters Degree Thesis. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University, Department of Environmental Health, 1998 Summer; :1-137
This study describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a safety program designed for the residential construction industry. This safety program, called the HomeSafe Program, was developed as a result of cooperative efforts between the Home Builders Association of Metropolitan Denver and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Region VIII. All companies involved with residential construction that work in the Denver six county area are invited to participate in the program. The purpose of HomeSafe is to reduce the incidence of injuries and fatalities on residential construction sites through the use of engineering, administrative. and behavioral interventions. The heart of the HomeSafe Program consists of ten sections that encompass the most common and serious safety hazards encountered on residential construction sites. Implementation of the program began in January 1997 and it is scheduled to run through the year 2000. The purpose of this study was to determine if companies that participated in the HomeSafe Program exhibited a higher degree of safety performance than companies that did not participate in the program. A safety audit was developed to measure company safety performance. A total of 17 items were included on the audit. Most pertained to employee behaviors and work site characteristics that were encouraged in the program. Most items on the audit were scored all or-none. A high score was related to high safety compliance. Study subjects were separated into three test groups which included: 1) pretest, 2) posttest, and 3) control. The pretest group consisted of companies that had signed up for participation in the program, but had not yet attended the HomeSafe training/orientation session. The posttest group consisted of companies that had been HomeSafe participants for approximately four months. The control group consisted of randomly selected companies that were not HomeSafe participants. A total of 374 audits were completed, which consisted of 98 pretests, 94 posttests, and 182 controls. Only companies with employees that worked on construction sites were administered the audit. Fifteen trades were identified among all the audits. Analysis was conducted using companies that had both a pretest and a posttest completed. The interaction between mean total scores, test groups, and the 15 trades was non-significant (p>0.05). Analysis of several variables, such as amount of safety training and electrical cord condition, indicated that subjects in the posttest group scored slightly higher than pretest subjects, but the results were non-significant (X2=0.682 and 0.307, respectively). The difference in mean total scores between the three test groups was statistically significantly (p=0.036). The significance was due to the difference in mean scores between the posttest and control groups (p=0.022). The difference in mean scores between the pretest and posttest groups was not significant (p=0.715).
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Construction; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-programs; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Safety-measures; Safety-practices
Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research
Masters Degree Thesis, Colorado State University, Department of Environmental Health
Colorado State University, Environmental Health Department, Fort Collins, Colorado