Results of first and second rounds of x-ray examinations program.
Proceedings of the 9th Annual Institute on Coal Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, September 6-8, 1978. Foreman WE, ed., Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1978 Sep; :95-111
In 1969 the Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act created a unique health surveillance program for underground coal miners which has been administered by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and now serves as a model for other industries. The Act was amended in 1977 and among other things requires (Figure 1) that (1) all working coal miners be offered the opportunity for an exam at intervals less than 5 years; (2) new miners be examined as soon as possible after being hired, be examined again 3 years later, and if the second exam shows pneumoconiosis, be examined a third time in two years; (3) the coal mine operators pay for the examination of their miners; (4) the results of the exams be submitted to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and to the Department of Labor; (5) the Department of Labor notify the miner of any rights and benefits he or she may accure under the Act based on the results of his examination; (6) if the miner's medical findings show evidence of the development of pneumoconiosis, he shall be afforded the option to transfer to an area of the mine where the coal mine dust concentration is less than 1 mg of coal mine dust per cubic meter of air or if such an area does not exist, to an area where the coal mine dust concentration is less than 2 mg/m3; and (7) if transferred, the miner shall retain the same rate of pay which he received prior to transfer.
Coal-miners; Coal-mining; Miners; Mine-workers; Mining-equipment; Mining-industry; Underground-miners; Underground-mining; Work-areas; Workers; Workplace-studies; Monitoring-systems; Health-protection; X-ray-diagnosis; X-ray-analysis; Dust-control; Dust-exposure; Dust-particles; Pneumoconiosis; Lung-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Fibrosis; Surveillance-programs
Proceedings of the 9th Annual Institute on Coal Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, September 6-8, 1978