Development of an on-site, behavior-based safety audit for the residential construction industry.
Bigelow-PL; Greenstein-SL; Keefe-TJ; Gilkey-DP
Work 1998 Jul/Aug; 11(1):11-20
The purpose of this study was to describe the development and implementation of an on-site, behavior-based safety audit based on a safety program designed specifically to reduce injuries and fatalities in the residential construction industry. The audit was used to assess safety hazards and safety compliance on residential construction work sites. Safety behaviors were scored as all-or-none. A high score was related to high safety compliance. A total of 195 audits were performed on residential construction companies from varying trades. Analysis of mean total scores indicated that companies that had received some form of safety training scored significantly higher than companies that had not received any (P < 0.01). Analysis of mean total scores between company trades indicated that masonry/stucco application companies had significantly lower scores than most other trades represented (P < 0.01). Challenges in designing, administering and analyzing the safety audits are discussed.
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Construction; Occupational-safety-programs; Safety-programs; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Safety-measures; Safety-practices;
Author Keywords: Residential construction; Safety program; Occupational safety; Safety evaluation
Department of Environmental Health, Colorado State University, 104 Environmental Health Bldg., Fort Collins, CO 80525, USA
Research Tools and Approaches: Intervention Effectiveness Research
Colorado State University, Environmental Health Department, Fort Collins, Colorado