Impact of psychosocial job stress on non-fatal occupational injuries in small and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises.
Nakata A; Ikeda T; Takahashi M; Haratani T; Hojou M; Fujioka Y; Swanson NG; Araki S
Am J Ind Med 2006 Aug; 49(8):658-669
Background: Workers involved in manufacturing are known to comprise a high-risk population for occupational injury, and this risk is greater in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The purpose of this study was to examine the association between psychosocial job stress and occupational injuries among workers in SMEs. Methods: One thousand forty-nine men and 721 women from 244 SMEs participated in this study. Perceived job stress was evaluated with the Japanese version of the generic job stress questionnaire, which covered 14 job stress variables. Occupational injury was assessed by self-report during the last 1-year period. Results: Workers with high quantitative workload (odds ratio [OR] = 1.55 for men, 1.62 for women), high cognitive demands (OR = 1.70 for men, 1.53 for women), and low job satisfaction (OR = 1.33 for men, 1.93 for women) had a significantly increased risk of occupational injury in the multivariate model. High variance in workload (OR = 1.70) and high job future ambiguity (OR = 1.35) in men, and low job control (OR = 2.04) and high intragroup conflict (OR = 1.66) in women were significantly associated with occupational injury. In manufacturing/production workers, high quantitative workload (OR = 1.91), high variance in workload (OR = 2.02), and high depressive symptoms (OR = 1.55) were significantly associated with injury in men, while low social support from colleagues (OR = 2.36) or family (OR = 2.51) was related to injury in women. Conclusions: These data point to an independent relationship between psychosocial job stress and self-reported occupational injury in SMEs.
Occupational-hazards; Occupational-psychology; Occupational-sociology; Injuries; Industrial-environment; Job-stress; Questionnaires; Men; Women; Work-analysis
Akinori Nakata, Division of Applied Research and Technology, MSC24, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
American Journal of Industrial Medicine