Evaluation of the ability of power to predict low frequency lifting capacity.
Dempsey-PG; Ayoub-MM; Westfall-PH
Ergonomics 1998 Aug; 41(8):1222-1241
An experiment was conducted to examine the role that maximal lifting power has in predicting maximum acceptable weight of lift (MAWL) for a frequency of one lift per 8 h. The secondary aim of the study was to compare the ability of power to predict MAWL to previously used measures of capacity including two measures of isometric strength, five measures of isokinetic strength, and isoinertial capacity on an incremental lifting test. Twenty-five male subjects volunteered to participate in the experiment. The isometric tests involved maximum voluntary contractions for composite lifting strength at vertical heights of 15 and 75 cm. Peak isokinetic strength was measured at velocities of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 m s-1 using a modified CYBEX II isokinetic dynamometer. Isoinertial lifting capacity was measured on the X-factor incremental lifting machine and peak power was measured on the incremental lifting machine by having subjects lift a 25 kg load as quickly as possible. The results indicate that peak isoinertial power is significantly correlated with MAWL, and this correlation was higher than any of the correlations between the other predictor variables and MAWL. The relationships between the isokinetic strength measures and MAWL were stronger than the relationships between the isometric measures and MAWL. Overall, the results suggest that tests used to predict MAWL should be dynamic rather than static.
Manual-materials-handling; Manual-lifting; Humans; Human-factors-engineering; Models; Men; Ergonomics; Weight-factors