Use of operating hazard analysis to review on-deck procedures in commercial crab fishing.
Bloswick-DS; Husberg-BJ; Blumhagen-E
Proceedings of the Second International Fishing Industry Safety and Health Conference, September 22-24, 2003, Sitka, Alaska. Mode NA, Wopat P Conway GA, eds., Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2006 Apr; :45-56
Information from 1991-1998 indicates that commercial fishing in Alaska has an occupational fatality rate approximately 28 times the rate for US workers in general (Thomas, Lincoln et al. 2001). Lincoln notes that within the commercial fishing industry, the Alaska shellfish fishery has the highest fatality rate, which is approximately twice as high as the rate for herring, the fishery with the next highest rate. Until recently, when surpassed by construction, commercial fishing has also resulted in the largest number of work-related injuries in Alaska industry (Husberg, Lincoln et al. 2001). In 1983, injury rates for the Dungeness, tanner, and king crab fisheries were among the highest of all fisheries (Bender 1992). Being struck by crab pots has been found to be the single most common cause of injury due to equipment (Thomas, Lincoln et al. 2001). One result of the Second National Fishing Industry Safety and Health Workshop held in 1997 was the recommendation to "perform job hazard analysis on those tasks associated with increased injuries" (Klatt and Conway 2000). Tomasson (2002) proposed a review of all work procedures on board ships to reveal which work procedures were hazardous. Thomas et at (2001) suggested that efforts are required to "better define the relationship between the vessel, fishing equipment, and the fishermen" and noted that while data were lacking on the human aspect of the system, "additional strategies to improve safety need to address the interaction between the vessel, its equipment and machinery, and the worker." Husberg, Lincoln, et at (2001) emphasized that there was a need to examine the deck environment from a "mechanical and safety engineering perspective." They also noted the use of "cranes, 'power blocks', pulleys, winches, lines, nets, crab pots, and crab pot launchers" is an issue requiring attention.
Fishing-industry; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Morbidity-rates
Mode-NA; Wopat-P; Conway-GA
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health