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Quantifying repetitive hand activity for epidemiological research on musculoskeletal disorders--part II: comparison of different methods of measuring force level and repetitiveness.
Bao S; Howard N; Spielholz P; Silverstein B
Ergonomics 2006 Mar; 49(4):381-392
This paper focuses on comparisons between the different methods of assessing repetitive hand activities. Various methods were used to measure hand force and repetitiveness of hand activities on 733 subjects in the study described by Bao et al. (2006). Two definitions of repetitiveness were used in analysis of detailed time studies of repetitive hand activities and four parameters of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) hand activity level (HAL) and the Strain Index methods were estimated by ergonomists and used to quantify repetitiveness. Hand forces were measured or estimated using three different methods: 1) measured with a force gauge or mimicked on a force gauge (force matching); 2) estimated by ergonomists using rating scales; 3) self-reports by subjects. The jobs were also evaluated using the ACGIH HAL and Strain Index methods when different repetitiveness quantification methods were used. Results showed that different definitions of repetitive exertion might lead to measuring different physical exposure phenomena and produce very different results. There were poor correlations between the measures of repetitiveness estimated by the different methods. Correlations between force quantifications using different methods were also poor. This suggests that parameters measured by different methods might not be interchangeable. Both the ACGIH HAL and Strain Index methods identified more 'hazardous' jobs when repetitiveness was estimated by ergonomists than when it was calculated by detailed time studies of forceful hand exertions. The Strain Index method identified more 'hazardous' jobs than the ACGIH HAL method. Overall, the between-methods agreements were found to be moderate to substantial.
Repetitive-work; Epidemiology; Hand-injuries; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Job-analysis; Occupational-exposure; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Physiology; Etiology; Author Keywords: Exposure quantification; Repetition; Inter-method comparison; Hand force; Job evaluation
Safety & Health Assessment & Research for Prevention (SHARP) Program, Washington State Department of Labor and Industries, P.O. Box 44330, Olympia, WA 98504, USA
Issue of Publication
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
Washington State Department of Labor and Industries
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division