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Surface mine truck haul safety - where are we?
Proceedings of the 28th Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 25-27, 1997. Jenkins FM; Karmis M; McCarter MK; Narramore CN, eds., Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1997 Aug; :89-95
From 1989 through 1991, the greatest number of accidents in surface coal and metal/nonmetal mines involved haulage trucks (Aldinger and Keran, 1994). In 1995, one of the most frequently cited factors contributing to the 100 fatalities recorded was powered haulage. In 1996, over 50% of the 84 fatalities were in surface mining (MSHA, 1996). In the first quarter of 1997, there were 22 fatalities, and powered haulage contributed to half of them (MSHA, 1997). The number of fatalities and injuries attributable to powered haulage in surface mines has focused research on reducing these numbers. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Spokane Research Center in Spokane, W A, is funding a project that directly addresses truck haulage accidents in surface mines. The U. S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) investigated technologies and methods to improve powered haulage safety since the mid 70's, work that has been passed on to NIOSH. While the technology in the early years was often not mature enough to be practical or rugged enough to with-stand pit environments, improvements in electronics and computer-enhanced equipment have warranted another look to determine whether these technologies can now be effectively used. This paper summarizes some of the original work on safety devices on large haulage equipment and updates information on their status and current research projects. However, it must be noted that whiz-bang electronics, on-board computer terminals, and heat-treated titanium alloys do not make a safe mine. All of the people interviewed regarding these various technologies made it clear that safety equipment was just an added tool to an overall safety program. Safety managers, truck drivers, and manufacturers all stated that use of new and different instruments were secondary to the practice of a sound mine safety plan.
Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Accidents; Mine-workers; Miners; Mining-industry; Surface-mining; Metal-mining; Coal-mining; Coal-miners; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-programs; Mining-equipment
Jenkins-FM; Karmis-M; McCarter-MK; Narramore-CN
Proceedings of the 28th Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 25-27, 1997